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last updated January 11, 2002

SPECIES LIST FOR BIO 109
COMMON PERENNIAL PLANTS AND ANIMALS NEAR TUCSON

 
PLANTS: Thumbnails and Quiz

Trees

Catclaw Acacia (Acacia greggii)
Whitethorn Acacia (Acacia constricta)
Desert Ironwood (Olneya tesota)
Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina)
Foothills Palo Verde (Cercidium microphyllum)
Blue Palo Verde (Cercidium floridum)

Shrubs

Fairy Duster (Calliandra eriophylla)
Desert Mistletoe (Phoradendron californicum)
Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis)
Brittlebush (Encelia farinosa)
Limberbush (Jatropha cardiophylla)
Ocotillo (Fouquieria splendens)
Triangle-leaf Bursage (Ambrosia deltoidea)
Ratany (Krameria spp) [have K. grayi & K. parvifolia)
Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata)
Desert Broom (Baccharis sarothroides)
Burroweed (Haplopappus tenuisectus)
Canyon Ragweed (Ambrosia ambrosioides)
Sotol [Desert Spoon] (Dasylirion wheeleri)

Cacti

Saguaro (Cereus giganteus)
Southwest (Fishhook) Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus wislizenii)
Hedgehog Cacti (Echinocereus spp) [common is E. fendleri]
Prickly Pear Cacti (Opuntia spp)
Fishhook Pincushion Cactus(Mammillaria micorcarpa)
Jumping (Chain-fruit) Cholla (Opuntia fulgida)
Teddybear Cholla (Opuntia bigelovii)
Staghorn Cholla (Opuntia versicolor)
Christmas Cholla (Opuntia leptocaulis)

BIRDS: Thumbnails and Quiz

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)
Harris' Hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus)
Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)
Gambel's Quail (Callipepla gambelii)
White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica)
Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)
Inca Dove (Columbina inca)
Roadrunner (Geococcyx californianus)
Black-chinned Hummingbird (Archilochus alexandri)
Costa's Hummingbird (Calypte costae)
Gila Woodpecker (Melanerpes uropygialis)
Gilded Flicker (Colaptes auratus)
Verdin (Auriparus flaviceps)
Cactus Wren (Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus)
Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)
Curve-billed Thrasher (Toxostoma longirostre)
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher (Polioptila melanura)
Phainopepla (Phainopepla nitens)
Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
Pyrrhuloxia (Cardinalis sinuatus)
Canyon Towhee (Pipilo fuscus)
Black-throated Sparrow (Amphispiza bilineata)
White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)
House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)
European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
Great-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus mexicanus)
Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

ARTHROPODS: Thumbnails and Quiz (including fish/amphibians)

Bark Scorpion (Centruroides sculpturatus)
Giant Desert Hairy Scorpion (Hadrurus arizonensis)
Tarantulas (Aphonopelma spp.)
"Black Widow" Spider (Latrodectus hesperus)
Brown ("Recluse") Spider (Loxosceles spp.)
Desert Millipede (Orthoporus ornatus)
Giant Desert Centipede (Scolopendra heros)
Desert Stink Beetle (Eleodes spp.)
White-lined Sphinx Moth (Hyles lineata)
Tarantula Hawk (Wasps) (Hemipepsis spp.)
Red Velvet Ant (Dasmutilla magnifica)
Carpenter Bees (Xylocopa spp.)
Leaf-Cutting Ants (Atta spp.)
Pallid-winged Grasshopper (Trimerotropis pallidipennis)
Creosote Bush Grasshopper (Ligurotettix coquilletti)
Termites (Order Isoptera)
Cochineal Bug (Dactylopius confusus)
Convergent Ladybird Beetle (Ladybug) (Hippodamia convergens)

FISH and AMPHIBIANS: Thumbnails and Quiz (including arthropods)

Desert Pupfish (Cyprinodon spp.)
Gila Topminnow (Poeciliopsis occidentalis)

Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)
Sonoran Desert Toad (Bufo alvarius)
Red-spotted Toad (Bufo punctatus)
Canyon Treefrog (Hyla arenicolor)
Desert (Couch's) Spadefoot (Scaphiopus couchi)
Southern Spadefoot (Scaphiopus multiplicatus)

REPTILES: Thumbnails and Quiz (note: quiz includes mojave rattlesnake that is not on your list)

Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
Western Banded Gecko (Coleonyx variegatus)
Zebratail Lizard (Callisaurus draconoides)
Collared Lizard (Crotaphytus spp)
Short-horned Lizard (Phrynosoma douglassi)
Regal Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma solare)
Side-blotched Lizard (Uta stansburiana)
Tree Lizard (Urosaurus ornatus)
Spiny Lizards (Desert & Clark [forearm bands]) (Sceloporus spp)
Sonoran Spotted Whiptail (Cnemidophorus sonorae)
Western Whiptail (Cnemidophorus tigris)
Gila Monster (Heloderma suspectum)
Gopher Snake (Pituophis melanoleucus)
Common King Snake (Lampropeltis getulus)
Blackneck Garter Snake (Thamnophis cyrtopsis)
Arizona Coral Snake (Micruroides euryxanthus)
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox)
Sidewinder (Crotalus cerastes)

MAMMALS: Thumbnails and Quiz (note: quiz includes antelope jackrabbit that is not on your list)

Sanborn's (Lesser) Long-nosed Bat (Leptonycteris sanborni)
Western Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus hesperus)
Desert Cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii)
Black-tailed Jackrabbit (Lepus californicus)
Harris' Antelope Squirrel (Ammospermophilus harrisii)
Rock Squirrel (Spermophilus variegatus)
Round-tailed Ground Squirrel (Spermophilus tereticaudus)
Kangaroo Rats (Dipodomys spp.)
Grasshopper Mice (Onychomys spp.)
White-throated Woodrat (Packrat) (Neotoma albigula)
Coyote (Canis latrans)
Kit Fox (Vulpes macrotis)
Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)
Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus)
Raccoon (Procyon lotor)
Coati (Nasua nasua)
Striped Skunk (Mephitis mephitis)
Bobcat (Felis rufus)
Mountain Lion (Felis concolor)
Javelina (Collared Peccary) (Dicotyles tajacu)
Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus)
White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana)
Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)

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last updated January 11, 2002