Physical Setting
Climate
Adaptations
Tucson Plants
Tucson Animals
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Physical Setting
Climate
Adaptations
Tucson Plants
Tucson Animals
External Resources

AnimalsVenomous AnimalsArthropodsFishAmphibiansReptilesBirdsMammals

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Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor)
pipevine swallowtail on lantana
pipevine swallowtail with open wings
DESCRIPTION: WS=2.4-4.75" (60-120mm). Upper surface is black with bluish hindwing; lower surface has a row of 7 orange spots.
Family Papilionidae, Subfamily Papilioninae.
NATURAL HISTORY: Adults most commonly seen February-November. Caterpillars feed on pipevines (see image), making the adults distasteful. Other butterflies (e.g., female Black Swallowtail and Diana Fritillary) mimic the Pipevine Swallowtail to avoid predation (this is an example of Batesian Mimicry in which edible/nondangerous species mimic inedible/dangerous species). Most species in this genus are tropical, but the Pipevine Swallowtail is the northern-most species in this genus.
pipevine swallowtail with closed wings
Pipevine Swallowtail caterpillar
pipevine swallowtail larva on pipevine

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